12 Jyotirlingas in India – Jyotirlinga is a devotional representation of the Supreme God Shiva. In India, there are twelve traditional Jyotirlinga Shrines. Originally there were 64 Jyotirlingas out of which 12 are considered to be highly holy and auspicious. Check out this list of 12 Jyotirlingas in India and choose the destinations you still need to cover.
Somnath in Gir Somnath, Gujarat
The Somnath temple located in Saurashtra on the Western Coast of Gujarat is believed to be the first among the twelve Jyotirlinga shrines of Lord Shiva. There is a mention of the Somanath Temple in Sreemad Bhagavadgita, Skanda Purana, Shiva Purana and even in Rig Veda. It’s believed that Chaulukya King Mularaja probably built the first temple at the site sometime before 997 CE, even though some historiographers believe that he may have renovated a smaller earlier temple.
The term Somnath suggests ‘The Protector of Moon God‘. The seven-storied structure of Somnath temple is 155 feet high.
In 1024, during the rule of Bhima I, the prominent Turkic ruler Mahmud of Ghazni raided Gujarat, plundering the Somnath temple and breaking its Jyotirlinga. Consequently, the temple was destroyed in 1297 & 1394 by the Sutanat of Delhi and the last attack was made by the Mughal Emperor, Aurangzeb in 1706. It is said that the temple was looted and destroyed as many as seventeen times. The present temple was built in 1995 by Shree Somnath Trust in the company of the Government of India.
Temple opening hours: Every day from 06:00 AM to 09:00 PM. Aarti takes place at 07:00 AM, 12:00 Noon and 07:00 PM.
Nageshwar in Daarukavanam, Gujarat
Nageshwar Jyotirlinga Temple is considered as one of the 12 Jyothirlingas of Lord Shiva. This Nageshvara Jyotirlinga is one of the 12 Jyotirlinga Shrines as stipulated in the Shiva Purana. There is a 25 m tall statue of a sitting Lord Shiva at the entrance of the temple. This is one of the most powerful Jyotirlingas in India, which symbolizes protection of all types of poisons.
The Nageshwar Lord Temple is located between Gomti & Dwarka and it is also very near the Island of Bait Dwarka on the coast of Saurashtra in Gujarat. The specialty of this Shivalinga is different from other Shivalingas, this one is made of a stone known popularly as Dwaraka Shila, which has small chakras on it. The shape of the Linga is more or less like an oval 3 Mukhi Rudraksha.
Temple opening hours: 05:00 AM to 09:00 PM, on all days of the week. Devotees can go for darshan between 06:00 AM to 12:30 PM and 05:00 PM to 09:00 PM.
Bhimashankar in Pune, Maharashtra
Bhimashankar temple is one of the well-known Jyotirlinga located in the village of Bhorgiri 50 km north west of Khed, near Pune. It is located 125 km away from Pune in the Ghat region of the Sahyadri hills. This temple is located on the banks of River Bhima.
The great Maratha ruler Chattrapati Shivaji Maharaj is said to have made endowments to this temple to facilitate worship services.
Temple opening hours: 04:30 AM to 12:00 Noon and 04:00 PM to 09:30 PM, on all days of the week. Darshan starts at 05:00 AM in the morning and continues till 09:30 PM in the night. In the afternoon, during Madhyan Aarti, darshan is closed for 45 minutes.
Trimbakeshwar in Nashik, Maharashtra
Trimbakeshwar Temple is a religious centre having one of the twelve Jyotirlingas. Trimbakeshwar Temple is located near Brahmagiri mountain from which the river Godavari flows. This beautiful temple was constructed by Third Peshwa Balaji Bajirao (1740-1760) on the site of an old temple.
The astonishing feature of the Jyotirlinga located here is its three faces representing Lord Brahma, Lord Vishnu, and Lord Rudra. The Lingas are covered by a jewelled crown which is placed over the Gold Mask of Tridev (Brahma, Vishnu & Maheshwara).
Temple opening hours: 05:30 AM to 09:00 PM, all days of the week.
Grishneshwar in Aurangabad, Maharashtra
Grishneshwar Temple located in Ellora is one of the 12 Jyotirlingas in India. This is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Grishneshwar is the smallest of the Jyotirlingas and is considered the last or the 12th Jyotirlinga.
The temple was re-constructed by Maloji Bhosale of Verul, (Grand Father of Chattrapati Shivaji Maharaj) in the 16th century and later again by Queen Ahilyabai Holkar in 18th century.
Temple opening hours: For darshan and puja, visit the temple between 05:30 AM to 09:30 PM.
Vaidyanath in Deoghar, Jharkhand
Vaidyanatha Jyotirlinga temple, also known as Baba Baidyanath Dham & Baidyanath dham is one of the 12 Jyotirlingas in India, the most sacred abodes of Lord Shiva. This temple is located in Deoghar in the Santhal Parganas division of the Jharkhand state. The name of the builder of the temple is not traceable, certain parts of the front portion of the temple are said to have been built by Puran Mal, an ancestor of the Maharaja of Giddhour, in 1596.
Temple opening hours: The temple is open on all seven days from 04:00 AM to 03:30 PM and from 06:00 PM to 09:00 PM.